This is a very interesting article picked up by an excellent law weblog. In Cooling the Mark Out, sociologist Erving Goffman says:
The confidence of the mark is won, and he is given an opportunity to invest his money in a gambling venture which he understands to have been fixed in his favor The venture, of course, is fixed, but not in his favor.
The mark is permitted to win some money and then persuaded to invest more. There is an “accident” or “mistake,” and the mark loses his total investment.
The operators then depart in a ceremony that is called the blowoff or sting. They leave the mark but take his money.
The mark is expected to go on his way, a little wiser and a lot poorer.
Of course, sometimes something wises the victim:
In order to avoid this adverse publicity, an additional phase is sometimes added at the end of the play.
It is called cooling the mark out.
After the blowoff has occurred, one of the operators stays with the mark and makes an effort to keep the anger of the mark within manageable and sensible proportions. The operator stays behind his teammates in the capacity of what might be called a cooler and exercises upon the mark the art of consolation.
An attempt is made to define the situation for the mark in a way that makes it easy for him to accept the inevitable and quietly go home. The mark is given instruction in the philosophy of taking a loss. [my emphasis]
Brilliant. Check out the rest of Michael Webster’s excellent weblog, The Bizop News. It is a must read if you want to understand the psychology and law of fraud.
The original article, On Cooling the Mark Out: Some Aspects of Adaptation to Failure, University of Chicago.
Fascinating and very applicable whenever the fraud sausage explodes, to use one of Michael’s vivid expressions.