We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.
In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist; negotiation; self purification; and direct action.
We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. Never again can we afford to live with the narrow, provincial “outside agitator” idea.
— Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King Jr.