Several thousand, I’d imagine.
- WikiFranchise.org: Immigrants as Prey, Cannon fodder, Language shortcomings create a vulnerability
- Franchising Opportunism, 2005 paper
Click here to watch a 45 minute expose called 7-Eleven: The Price of Convenience.
Modern franchising runs identically, internationally, on all countries sharing a British Common law heritage.
The highest levels of national government known full-well for decades that wage theft is largely responsible for the extraordinary ROI that is achieved by franchisors such as Mr. Withers and Ms. Barlow.
Cross-posted on WikiFranchise.org.
Canada has a well-earned, international reputation for franchise investors.
Mom-and-pop Tim Hortons franchisee investments:
Weak Ontario franchise law + lapdog CDN insolvency law + predatory franchise lending = Canadian securities regulation weakest link into North American capital markets
The Canadian Franchise Association says it …advocates on behalf of franchisors and franchisees in Canada…
April 4, 2000
Investigate Franchise Association Abuses: Martin
Tony Martin, MPP, Sault Ste. Marie
New Democratic Party
Legislative Assembly of Ontario, Canada
INVESTIGATE FRANCHISE ASSOCIATION ABUSES: MARTIN
TORONTO – The Consumer and Commercial Relations Ministry should investigate the Canadian Franchise Association over its failure to help Ontario franchise holders, NDP MPP Tony Martin said today.
The CFA is advising the Conservative government on proposed changes to provincial laws governing franchise agreements. But the association is under fire from hundreds of its own members for its indifference to their complaints, the NDP Critic for Consumer and Commercial Relations said in the Legislature today.
“The CFA has been of no help to many hundreds of entrepreneurs who lost their shirts in shoddy franchise deals,” Martin said. “Instead of taking the CFA’s advice this government should be sending in ministry staff to thoroughly investigate this association’s failures.”
Martin raised the case of Brenda Hope, a mother of two from Coldwater who lost $90,000 as a Chemwise Inc., franchisee. For more than a year, the CFA has refused to look into Hope’s complaints, although it endorsed Chemwise as a member.
Similarly, the CFA has refused to accept a registered letter from Bulk Barn franchisees who have a series of complaints against the franchisor. Martin was also refused when he tried to deliver the letter. The Sault Ste. Marie MPP called on Consumer and Commercial Affairs minister Bob Runciman to act now to protect small businesspeople.
“Perhaps the minister can convince the CFA to live up to its responsibilities to mediate franchise disputes. If he can’t, we need a full-scale probe of this group. It’s the least we can do for hard-working families who lose everything in dubious franchise deals,” Martin said.
The MPP has proposed his own legislation, Bill 35, that is far tougher than the government’s Bill 33. The Martin Franchise Bill would require full-disclosure of franchise contracts, a dispute resolution mechanism, the right to associate and the freedom to source products outside of the chain when not trademark related.
Also: Martin’s questions directed to the CFA during their Mar 2000 expert witness testimony.
What franchisor sends this message to the retail market?
Is it in acting in bad faith by destroying all existing Lick’s franchisees’ equity?
The franchise bar, with perfect foreknowledge, will take what is left of their money in what will be (in the end) a hopelessly futile attempt at legal justice in Ontario. Talk to your premier and your small business loan provider not your a franchise lawyer.
The lie in the government guaranteed loan: inflated future sales and 6 times value on assets (leasehold and equipment).
Predatory franchise lending program
John Lorinc wrote the book on franchising from a franchisee’s investor viewpoint.
I’m glad to see it is still available to buy online and is in many Canadian libraries.
The hidden banking side is revealed in Chapter 4, The 90% Solution: Franchise Economics, some of which I excerpted in a WikiFranchise.org post.
What did the business press have to say about Lorinc’s work?:
Finlayson strikes a cautionary note, specifically about the hinted at misuse of the Canada Small Business Financing program, CSBFP:
Does all this matter to you? Yes, it does. In 1993, in the wake of vigorous complaints by small-business owners that Canadian banks were reluctant to finance them, Ottawa raised the ceiling on loans guaranteed by the Small Business Loans Administration to $250,000 and its guarantee rate from 85 per cent to 90 per cent, sparking a bank lending rush to franchisees and shifting the risk of franchise investments onto taxpayers’ (your) shoulders.
The Risk: Only a fraction of the Liars’ Loans are ever claimed by the banks, thereby grossly understating Industry Canada’s default statistics (Franchised v. Non-Franchised loan performance). The franchisee thinks he signed a government-backed loan but it never gets registered as such. As their bankruptcy, loss of life savings, marital and family breakdown escalate over the life of their 12 to 18 month franchise career, the franchisee NEVER looks to Box 9 of the CSBFP loan application form (Projected Sales ) as the source of their trouble; where the lie is put into the “Liars’ Loan”. The proceeds of these engineered-to-fail loans is split upfront by the franchise banker with the bank, banker, franchisor and sales agent. If questioned, the bank shreds the paperwork and waits for the lawsuit.
And, seriously, how many of these Immigrants as prey losers could or would ever sue a Schedule 1 chartered bank?
The Return: Smashing quarterly earnings goals, record profits, high turnover in the small business division of each of the banks, and making franchise lending the most lucrative form of commercial lending in Canada. Private gain/public loss enabled by a criminogenic environment, moral hazard, regulatory capture…
Lorinc carefully mentions the “windfall profits” in this arrangement of churning:
What’s more, some banks and franchisors have put the SBLA program [predecessor government guaranteed loan program] to questionable use during foreclosure actions against franchisees, says one former owner who has been through the process. When a bank calls a loan against a non-performing franchisee, the 90% guarantee effectively relieves the bank’s receiver from trying to get the best possible value while disposing of the owner’s assets. With most of the loan covered by the Canadian taxpayer, the assets – fixtures, kitchen equipment, inventory, etc. – can be sold quickly at a deep discount, possibly below market value. This allows the franchisor too step in and buy back the property at better-than-firesale prices, thus generating a windfall profit when the store is later re-sold to another franchisee.
An important work that, depressingly, is as relevant in 2012 as it was in 1995.